What is Developmental Milestone?

Developmental milestone is what children can do at the appropriate development age.

Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, and waving “bye bye” are called developmental milestones. Children reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, act, and move (crawling, walking, talking, etc….)

You may click on the age of your child to see the developmental milestones


Begins to smile at people

Can briefly calm herself (may bring hands to mouth and suck on hand)

Tries to look at parent
Coos, makes gurgling sounds

Turns head toward sounds
Pays attention to faces

Begins to follow things with eyes

Recognize people at a distance

Begins to act bored (cries, fussy) if activity doesn’t change

Can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummy

Makes smoother movements with arms and legs
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t respond to loud sounds
  • Doesn’t watch things as they move
  • Doesn’t smile at people
  • Doesn’t bring hands to mouth
  • Can’t hold head up when pushing up when on tummy
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 2-month-old baby today.

What you can do for your 2-month-old:
  • Cuddle, talk, and play with your baby during feeding, dressing, and bathing.
  • Help your baby learn to calm herself. It’s okay for her to suck on her fingers.
  • Begin to help your baby get into a routine, such as sleeping at night more than in the day, and have regular schedules.
  • Getting in tune with your baby’s likes and dislikes can help you feel more comfortable and confident.
  • Act excited and smile when your baby makes sounds.
  • Copy your baby’s sounds sometimes, but also use clear language.
  • Pay attention to your baby’s different cries so that you learn to know what he wants.
  • Talk, read, and sing to your baby.
  • Play peek-a-boo. Help your baby play peek-a-boo, too.
  • Place a baby-safe mirror in your baby’s crib so she can look at herself.
  • Look at pictures with your baby and talk about them.
  • Lay your baby on his tummy when he is awake and put toys near him.
  • Encourage your baby to lift his head by holding toys at eye level in front of him.
  • Hold a toy or rattle above your baby’s head and encourage her to reach for it.
  • Hold your baby upright with his feet on the floor. Sing or talk to your baby as he is upright.
Smiles spontaneously, especially at people

Likes to play with people and might cry when playing stops

Copies some movements and facial expressions, like smiling or frowning
Begins to babble

Babbles with expression and copies sounds he hears

Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain or being tired
Lets you know if he is happy or sad

Responds to affection

Reaches for toy with one hand

Uses hands and eyes together, such as seeing a toy and reaching for it

Follows moving things with eyes from side to side

Watches faces closely

Recognizes familiar people and things at a distance
Holds head steady, unsupported

Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface

May be able to roll over from tummy to back

Can hold a toy and shake it and swing at dangling toys

Brings hands to mouth

When lying on stomach, pushes up to elbows
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t watch things as they move
  • Doesn’t smile at people
  • Can’t hold head steady
  • Doesn’t coo or make sounds
  • Doesn’t bring things to mouth
  • Doesn’t push down with legs when feet are placed on a hard surface
  • Has trouble moving one or both eyes in all directions
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 4-month-help

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 4-month-old baby today.

What you can do for your 4-month-old:
  • Hold and talk to your baby; smile and be cheerful while you do.
  • Set steady routines for sleeping and feeding.
  • Pay close attention to what your baby likes and doesn’t like; you will know how best to meet his needs and what you can do to make your baby happy.
  • Copy your baby’s sounds.
  • Act excited and smile when your baby makes sounds.
  • Have quiet play times when you read or sing to your baby.
  • Give age-appropriate toys to play with, such as rattles or colorful pictures.
  • Play games such as peek-a-boo.
  • Provide safe opportunities for your baby to reach for toys and explore his surroundings
  • Put toys near your baby so that she can reach for them or kick her feet.
  • Put toys or rattles in your baby’s hand and help him to hold them.
  • Hold your baby upright with feet on the floor,and sing or talk to your baby as she “stands” with support.
Knows familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger

Likes to play with others, especially parents

Responds to other people’s emotions and often seems happy

Likes to look at self in a mirror
Responds to sounds by making sounds

Strings vowels together when babbling (“ah,” “eh,” “oh”) and likes taking turns with parent while making sounds

Responds to own name

Makes sounds to show joy and displeasure

Begins to say consonant sounds (jabbering with “m,” “b”)
Looks around at things nearby

Brings things to mouth

Shows curiosity about things and tries to get things that are out of reach

Begins to pass things from one hand to the other
Rolls over in both directions (front to back, back to front)

Begins to sit without support

When standing, supports weight on legs and might bounce

Rocks back and forth, sometimes crawling backward before moving forward
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t try to get things that are in reach
  • Shows no affection for caregivers
  • Doesn’t respond to sounds around him
  • Has difficulty getting things to mouth
  • Doesn’t make vowel sounds (“ah”, “eh”, “oh”)
  • Doesn’t roll over in either direction
  • Doesn’t laugh or make squealing sounds
  • Seems very stiff, with tight muscles
  • Seems very floppy, like a rag doll
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 6-month-old baby today.

What you can do for your 6-month-old:
  • Play on the floor with your baby every day.
  • Learn to read your baby’s moods. If he’s happy, keep doing what you are doing. If he’s upset, take a break and comfort your baby.
  • Show your baby how to comfort herself when she’s upset. She may suck on her fingers to self soothe.
  • Use “reciprocal” play—when he smiles, you smile; when he makes sounds, you copy them.
  • Repeat your child’s sounds and say simple words with those sounds. For example, if your child says “bah,” say “bottle” or “book.”
  • Read books to your child every day. Praise her when she babbles and “reads” too.
  • When your baby looks at something, point to it and talk about it.
  • When he drops a toy on the floor, pick it up and give it back. This game helps him learn cause and effect.
  • Read colorful picture books to your baby.
  • Point out new things to your baby and name them.
  • Show your baby bright pictures in a magazine and name them.
  • Hold your baby up while she sits or support her with pillows. Let her look around and give her toys to look at while she balances.
  • Put your baby on his tummy or back and put toys just out of reach. Encourage him to roll over to reach the toys.
May be afraid of strangers

May be clingy with familiar adults

Has favorite toys
Understands “no”

Makes a lot of different sounds like “mamamama” and “bababababa”

Copies sounds and gestures of others

Uses fingers to point at things
Watches the path of something as it falls

Looks for things he sees you hide

Plays peek-a-boo

Puts things in his mouth

Moves things smoothly from one hand to the other

Picks up things like cereal o’s between thumb and index finger
Stands, holding on

Can get into sitting position

Sits without support

Pulls to stand

Crawls
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t bear weight on legs with support
  • Doesn’t sit with help
  • Doesn’t babble (“mama”, “baba”, “dada”)
  • Doesn’t play any games involving back-and-forth play
  • Doesn’t respond to own name
  • Doesn’t seem to recognize familiar people
  • Doesn’t look where you point
  • Doesn’t transfer toys from one hand to the other
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 9-month-old baby today.

What you can do for your 9-month-old:
  • Pay attention to the way he reacts to new situations and people; try to continue to do things that make your baby happy and comfortable.
  • As she moves around more, stay close so she knows that you are near.
  • Continue with routines; they are especially important now.
  • Play games with “my turn, your turn.”
  • Say what you think your baby is feeling. For example, say, “You are so sad, let’s see if we can make you feel better.”
  • Describe what your baby is looking at; for example, “red, round ball.”
  • Talk about what your baby wants when he points at something.
  • Copy your baby’s sounds and words.
  • Ask for behaviors that you want. For example, instead of saying “don’t stand,” say “time to sit.”
  • Teach cause-and-effect by rolling balls back and forth, pushing toy cars and trucks, and putting blocks in and out of a container.
  • Play peek-a-boo and hide-and-seek.
  • Read and talk to your baby.
  • Provide lots of room for your baby to move and explore in a safe area.
  • Put your baby close to things that she can pull up on safely.
Is shy or nervous with strangers

Cries when mom or dad leaves

Has favorite things

Has favorite people

Shows fear in some situations

Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story

Repeats sounds or actions to get attention

Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing

Plays games such as “peek-a-boo” and “pat-a-cake”
Responds to simple spoken requests

Uses simple gestures, like shaking head “no” or waving “bye-bye”

Makes sounds with changes in tone (sounds more like speech)

Says “mama” and “dada” and exclamations like “uh-oh!”

Tries to say words you say
Explores things in different ways, like shaking, banging, throwing

Finds hidden things easily

Looks at the right picture or thing when it’s named

Copies gestures

Starts to use things correctly; for example, drinks from a cup, brushes hair

Bangs two things together

Puts things in a container, takes things out of a container

Lets things go without help

Pokes with index (pointer) finger

Follows simple directions like “pick up the toy”
Gets to a sitting position without help

Pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”)

May take a few steps without holding on

May stand alone
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t crawl
  • Can’t stand when supported
  • Doesn’t search for things that she sees you hide.
  • Doesn’t say single words like “mama” or “dada”
  • Doesn’t learn gestures like waving or shaking head
  • Doesn’t point to things
  • Loses skills he once had
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 1-year-old child today.

What you can do for your 1-year-old:
  • Give your child time to get to know a new caregiver. Bring a favorite toy, stuffed animal, or blanket to help comfort your child.
  • In response to unwanted behaviors, say “no” firmly. Do not yell, spank, or give long explanations. A time out for 30 seconds to 1 minute might help redirect your child.
  • Give your child lots of hugs, kisses, and praise for good behavior.
  • Spend a lot more time encouraging wanted behaviors than punishing unwanted behaviors (4 times as much encouragement for wanted behaviors as redirection for unwanted behaviors).
  • Talk to your child about what you’re doing. For example, “Mommy is washing your hands with a washcloth.”
  • Read with your child every day. Have your child turn the pages. Take turns labeling pictures with your child.
  • Build on what your child says or tries to say, or what he points to. If he points to a truck and says “t” or “truck,” say, “Yes, that’s a big, blue truck.”
  • Give your child crayons and paper, and let your child draw freely. Show your child how to draw lines up and down and across the page. Praise your child when she tries to copy them.
  • Play with blocks, shape sorters, and other toys that encourage your child to use his hands.
  • Hide small toys and other things and have your child find them.
  • Ask your child to label body parts or things you see while driving in the car.
  • Sing songs with actions, like “The Itsy Bitsy Spider” and “Wheels on the Bus.” Help your child do the actions with you.
  • Give your child pots and pans or a small musical instrument like a drum or cymbals. Encourage your child to make noise.
  • Provide lots of safe places for your toddler to explore. (Toddler-proof your home. Lock away products for cleaning, laundry, lawn care, and car care. Use a safety gate and lock doors to the outside and the basement.)
  • Give your child push toys like a wagon or “kiddie push car.”
Likes to hand things to others as play

May have temper tantrums

May be afraid of strangers

Shows affection to familiar people

Plays simple pretend, such as feeding a doll

May cling to caregivers in new situations

Points to show others something interesting

Explores alone but with parent close by
Says several single words

Says and shakes head “no”

Points to show someone what he wants
Knows what ordinary things are for; for example, telephone, brush, spoon

Points to get the attention of others

Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed

Points to one body part

Scribbles on his own

Can follow 1-step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sits when you say "sit down"
Walks alone

May walk up steps and run

Pulls toys while walking

Can help undress herself

Drinks from a cup

Eats with a spoon
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t point to show things to others
  • Can’t walk
  • Doesn’t know what familiar things are for
  • Doesn’t copy others
  • Doesn’t gain new words
  • Doesn’t have at least 6 words
  • Doesn’t notice or mind when a caregiver leaves or returns
  • Loses skills he once had
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 18-month-old child today.

What you can do for your 18-month-old:
  • Provide a safe, loving environment. It’s important to be consistent and predictable.
  • Praise good behaviors more than you punish bad behaviors (use only very brief time outs).
  • Describe her emotions. For example, say, “You are happy when we read this book.”
  • Encourage pretend play.
  • Encourage empathy. For example, when he sees a child who is sad, encourage him to hug or pat the other child.
  • Read books and talk about the pictures using simple words.
  • Copy your child’s words.
  • Use words that describe feelings and emotions.
  • Use simple, clear phrases.
  • Ask simple questions.
  • Hide things under blankets and pillows and encourage him to find them.
  • Play with blocks, balls, puzzles, books, and toys that teach cause and effect and problem solving.
  • Name pictures in books and body parts.
  • Provide toys that encourage pretend play; for example, dolls, play telephones.
  • Provide safe areas for your child to walk and move around in.
  • Provide toys that she can push or pull safely.
  • Provide balls for her to kick, roll, and throw.
  • Encourage him to drink from his cup and use a spoon, no matter how messy.
  • Blow bubbles and let your child pop them.
Copies others, especially adults and older children

Gets excited when with other children

Shows more and more independence

Shows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to)

Plays mainly beside other children, but is beginning to include other children, such as in chase game
Points to things or pictures when they are named

Knows names of familiar people and body parts

Says sentences with 2 to 4 words

Follows simple instructions

Repeats words overheard in conversation

Points to things in a book
Finds things even when hidden under two or three covers

Begins to sort shapes and colors

Completes sentences and rhymes in familiar books

Plays simple make-believe games

Builds towers of 4 or more blocks

Might use one hand more than the other

Follows two-step instructions such as “Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet.”

Names items in a picture book such as a cat, bird, or dog
Stands on tiptoe

Kicks a ball

Begins to run

Climbs onto and down from furniture without help

Walks up and down stairs holding on

Throws ball overhand

Makes or copies straight lines and circles
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t use 2-word phrases (for example, “drink milk”)
  • Doesn’t know what to do with common things, like a brush, phone, fork, spoon
  • Doesn’t copy actions and words
  • Doesn’t follow simple instructions
  • Doesn’t walk steadily
  • Loses skills she once had
Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 2-year-old child today.

What you can do for your 2-year-old:
  • Encourage your child to help with simple chores at home, like sweeping and making dinner. Praise your child for being a good helper.
  • At this age, children still play next to (not with) each other and don’t share well. For play dates, give the children lots of toys to play with. Watch the children closely and step in if they fght or argue.
  • Give your child attention and praise when he follows instructions. Limit attention for defant behavior. Spend a lot more time praising good behaviors than punishing bad ones.
  • Teach your child to identify and say body parts, animals, and other common things.
  • Do not correct your child when he says words incorrectly. Rather, say it correctly. For example, “That is a ball.”
  • Encourage your child to say a word instead of pointing. If your child can’t say the whole word (“milk”), give her the frst sound (“m”) to help. Over time, you can prompt your child to say the whole sentence — “I want milk.”
  • Hide your child’s toys around the room and let him find them.
  • Help your child do puzzles with shapes, colors, or farm animals. Name each piece when your child puts it in place.
  • Encourage your child to play with blocks. Take turns building towers and knocking them down.
  • Do art projects with your child using crayons, paint, and paper. Describe what your child makes and hang it on the wall or refrigerator.
  • Ask your child to help you open doors and drawers and turn pages in a book or magazine.
  • Once your child walks well, ask her to carry small things for you.
  • Kick a ball back and forth with your child. When your child is good at that, encourage him to run and kick.
  • Take your child to the park to run and climb on equipment or walk on nature trails. Watch your child closely.
Copies adults and friends

Shows affection for friends without prompting

Takes turns in games

Shows concern for crying friend

Understands the idea of “mine” and “his” or “hers”

Shows a wide range of emotions

Separates easily from mom and dad

May get upset with major changes in routine

Dresses and undresses self
Follows instructions with 2 or 3 steps

Can name most familiar things

Understands words like “in,” “on,” and “under”

Name a friend

Say first name, age and sex

Says words like “I,” “me,” “we,” and “you” and some plurals (cars, dogs, cats)

Talks well enough for strangers to understand most of the time

Carries on a conversation using 2 to 3 sentences
Can work toys with buttons, levers, and moving parts

Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people

Does puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces

Understands what “two” means

Copies a circle with pencil or crayon

Turns book pages one at a time

Builds towers of more than 6 blocks

Screws and unscrews jar lids or turns door handle
Climbs well

Runs easily

Pedals a tricycle (3-wheel bike)

Walks up and down stairs, one foot on each step
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Falls down a lot or has trouble with stairs
  • Drools or has very unclear speech
  • Can’t work simple toys (such as peg boards, simple puzzles, turning handle)
  • Doesn’t speak in sentences
  • Doesn’t understand simple instructions
  • Doesn’t play pretend or make-believe
  • Doesn’t want to play with other children or with toys
  • Doesn’t make eye contact
  • Loses skills he once had

Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 3-year-old child today.

What you can do for your 3-year-old:
  • Go to play groups with your child or other places where there are other children, to encourage getting along with others.
  • Work with your child to solve the problem when he is upset.
  • Talk about your child’s emotions. For example, say, “I can tell you feel mad because you threw the puzzle piece.” Encourage your child to identify feelings in books.
  • Set rules and limits for your child, and stick to them. If your child breaks a rule, give him a time out for 30 seconds to 1 minute in a chair or in his room. Praise your child for following the rules.
  • Give your child instructions with 2 or 3 steps. For example, “Go to your room and get your shoes and coat.”
  • Read to your child every day. Ask your child to point to things in the pictures and repeat words after you.
  • Give your child an “activity box” with paper, crayons, and coloring books. Color and draw lines and shapes with your child.
  • Play matching games. Ask your child to fnd objects in books or around the house that are the same.
  • Play counting games. Count body parts, stairs, and other things you use or see every day.
  • Hold your child’s hand going up and down stairs. When she can go up and down easily, encourage her to use the railing.
  • Play outside with your child. Go to the park or hiking trail. Allow your child to play freely and without structured activities.
Enjoys doing new things

Plays “Mom” and “Dad”

Is more and more creative with make-believe play

Would rather play with other children than by herself

Cooperates with other children

Often can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe

Talks about what she likes and what she is interested in
Knows some basic rules of grammar, such as correctly using “he” and “she”

Sings a song or says a poem from memory such as the "Itsy Bitsy Spider" or the "Wheels on the Bus"

Tells stories

Can say first and last name
Names some colors

Names some numbers

Understands the idea of counting

Starts to understand time

Remembers parts of a story

Understands the idea of “same” and “different”

Draws a person with 2 to 4 body parts

Uses scissors

Starts to copy some capital letters

Plays board or card games

Tells you what he thinks is going to happen next in a book
Hops and stands on one foot up to 2 seconds

Catches a bounced ball most of the time

Pours, cuts with supervision, and mashes own food
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Can’t jump in place
  • Has trouble scribbling
  • Shows no interest in interactive games or make-believe
  • Ignores other children or doesn’t respond to people outside the family
  • Resists dressing, sleeping, and using the toilet
  • Can’t retell a favorite story
  • Doesn’t follow 3-part commands
  • Doesn’t understand “same” and “different”
  • Doesn’t use “me” and “you” correctly
  • Speaks unclearly
  • Loses skills he once had

Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 4-year-old child today.

What you can do for your 4-year-old:
  • Play make-believe with your child. Let her be the leader and copy what she is doing.
  • Suggest your child pretend play an upcoming event that might make him nervous, like going to preschool or staying overnight at a grandparent’s house.
  • Begin to help your baby get into a routine, such as sleeping at night more than in the day, and have regular schedules.
  • Give your child simple choices whenever you can. Let your child choose what to wear, play, or eat for a snack. Limit choices to 2 or 3.
  • During play dates, let your child solve her own problems with friends, but be nearby to help out if needed.
  • Encourage your child to use words, share toys, and take turns playing games of one another’s choice.
  • Give your child toys to build imagination, like dress-up clothes, kitchen sets, and blocks.
  • Use good grammar when speaking to your child. Instead of “Mommy wants you to come here,” say, “I want you to come here.”
  • Use words like “frst,” “second,” and “fnally” when talking about everyday activities. This will help your child learn about sequence of events.
  • Take time to answer your child’s “why” questions. If you don’t know the answer, say “I don’t know,” or help your child fnd the answer in a book, on the Internet, or from another adult.
  • When you read with your child, ask him to tell you what happened in the story as you go.
  • Say colors in books, pictures, and things at home. Count common items, like the number of snack crackers, stairs, or toy trains.
  • Teach your child to play outdoor games like tag, follow the leader, and duck, duck, goose.
  • Play your child’s favorite music and dance with your child. Take turns copying each other’s moves
Wants to please friends

Wants to be like friends

More likely to agree with rules

Likes to sing, dance, and act

Is aware of gender

Can tell what’s real and what’s make-believe

Shows more independence (for example, may visit a next-door neighbor by himself [adult supervision is still needed])


Is sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative
Speaks very clearly

Tells a simple story using full sentences

Uses future tense; for example, “Grandma will be here.”

Say name and address.
Counts 10 or more things

Can draw a person with at least 6 body parts

Can print some letters or numbers

Copies a triangle and other geometric shapes

Knows about things used every day, like money and food
Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer

Hops; may be able to skip

Can do a somersault

Uses a fork and spoon and sometimes a table knife

Swings and climbs
Act Early If Your Child:
  • Doesn’t show a wide range of emotions
  • Shows extreme behavior (unusually fearful, aggressive, shy or sad)
  • Unusually withdrawn and not active
  • Is easily distracted, has trouble focusing on one activity for more than 5 minutes
  • Doesn’t respond to people, or responds only superfcially
  • Can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
  • Doesn’t play a variety of games and activities
  • Can’t give frst and last name
  • Doesn’t use plurals or past tense properly
  • Doesn’t talk about daily activities or experiences
  • Doesn’t draw pictures
  • Can’t brush teeth, wash and dry hands, or get undressed without help
  • Loses skills he once had

Tell your child’s doctor if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age. You can also contact Beautiful Minds for further evaluation and appropriate referral.

Help Your Baby Learn and Grow 

You can help your baby learn and grow. Talk, read, sing, and play together every day. Below are some activities to enjoy with your 5-year-old child today.

What you can do for your 5-year-old:
  • Continue to arrange play dates, trips to the park, or play groups. Give your child more freedom to choose activities to play with friends, and let your child work out problems on her own.
  • Your child might start to talk back or use profanity (swear words) as a way to feel independent. Do not give a lot of attention to this talk, other than a brief time out. Instead, praise your child when he asks for things nicely and calmly takes “no” for an answer.
  • This is a good time to talk to your child about safe touch. No one should touch “private parts” except doctors or nurses during an exam or parents when they are trying to keep the child clean.
  • Teach your child her address and phone number.
  • When reading to your child, ask him to predict what will happen next in the story.
  • Encourage your child to “read” by looking at the pictures and telling the story.
  • Teach your child time concepts like morning, afternoon, evening, today, tomorrow, and yesterday. Start teaching the days of the week.
  • Explore your child’s interests in your community. For example, if your child loves animals, visit the zoo or petting farm. Go to the library or look on the Internet to learn about these topics.
  • Keep a handy box of crayons, paper, paint, child scissors, and paste. Encourage your child to draw and make art projects with different supplies.
  • Play with toys that encourage your child to put things together.
  • Teach your child how to pump her legs back and forth on a swing.
  • Help your child climb on the monkey bars.
  • Go on walks with your child, do a scavenger hunt in your neighborhood or park, help him ride a bike with training wheels (wearing a helmet).

Developmental Milestone content adapted from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Learn the Signs. Act Early.” program(www.cdc.gov/ActEarly; accessed 5/2018)